Different Door Lock Types and Their Levels of Security
According to the FBI, despite a ten-year decline, there were more than 900,000 burglaries committed in the US in 2020. Door locks can help keep this trend going by discouraging would-be intruders while also preserving privacy KLEIDAIRES PALAIO FALIRO.
But there are many different kinds of locks available. To select the best one for your facility, it is crucial to comprehend the key distinctions between them. Discover the seven most popular door locks, how they operate, and when to use them by reading our guide.
What Kinds of Door Locks Are There?
First, knob locks
The most popular type of door lock on the market and the primary security measure for the majority of doors are knob locks. Instead of being inside the door, the lock cylinder is inside the knob. Therefore, knob locks shouldn’t be used on exterior doors since they are simple to pick with a hammer or wrench.
A fastener with an attached arm, or cam, that rotates to lock, makes up cam locks. They have a metal tube with a hole in one end that helps position the bolt when it is inserted, and they are cylindrical.
To prevent unauthorised access, these door locks are frequently used in vending machines, file cabinets, desks, or display cases. They are mostly undetectable inside fully built cabinets. Certain cam locks completely secure cabinet doors, making them desirable for protecting delicate materials.
Deadbolt locks, third
Even more effective security against break-ins and burglaries is provided by deadbolts. They have lock bolts that operate without the use of a spring when a knob or key is turned. They are less vulnerable to a knife or hand tool because of their distinctive locking mechanism, which is better able to withstand physical assaults, battering, and boring.
There are three main varieties of deadbolt locks: single, double, and vertical. The simplest deadbolts have a single cylinder and can be opened from one side using a key. Deadbolts with two cylinders can be opened using a key from either side. Similar to single and double deadbolts, vertical deadbolts operate by moving the lock vertically instead of horizontally. This orientation is less vulnerable to being forced in by using a tool like a crowbar to pry open the door.
Locks are free-standing objects. They are transportable and not affixed to a door or container permanently, unlike other lock types. They are available in several models that are divided into the keyed and combination categories. Keyed alike, keyed differently, and keyable are some of the subtypes of keyed padlocks.
Due to their mobility and the shape of their looped-handle shackle, padlocks are simple to spot. As guarded or shrouded padlocks, they may have raised shoulders around the shackle to prevent bolt cutters from breaking through them.
Five. Mortise Locks
Mortise locks, which come in light-duty and heavy-duty models, are strong locks used on exterior doors. They contain a system on the inside, which makes them more of a lockset than a lock.
These locksets, which can accommodate knobs or levers, offer greater security than just cylindrical locks. They use mortise parts that have been added inside the door and are threaded. The locking mechanism is made by installing the box lock in a deep mortise in the edge of the door and fastening it with a set screw and a cam. The cylinder component is available in a range of heights and lengths to fit a range of door types.
Keypad locks No. 6
Keypad door locks can be opened without a key by punching numbers on an attached numerical keypad. They can be mechanical or battery-powered, and typically use mortise locks, knob locks, or deadbolt locks for the actual locking mechanism. Although many of these door locks also have keyholes for alternative unlocking mechanisms, these door locks provide increased versatility and permit entry without a key. A few keypad locks support multiple custom codes, making it simple for building managers to impose access restrictions.
Seven. Smart Locks
There are more ways to lock and unlock a door with smart locks, which are adaptable electronic door locks. The ability to lock and unlock a smart lock with a phone or key fob is its main advantage, even though many smart locks also have a keypad and a keyhole. Many smart locks can connect to home automation services and are Wi-Fi or Bluetooth enabled as well. These locks require electricity to operate the connected features, and their batteries need to be changed frequently.
Additional Ideas for Door Locks
The list above is not exhaustive. Numerous other door locks are available, and many of them fall into one of the following seven categories: knob locks, deadbolt locks, cam locks, padlocks, mortise locks, smart locks, and keypad locks. For interior doors, lever handle door locks are common and function similarly to knob locks.
Examining the door’s lock installation is crucial in addition to the door lock. The backset, which is calculated by dividing the distance between the centre of the lock hole and the edge of the door, is one of the key variables to take into account. A lock’s ability to fit a door properly depends on the backset measurement of the door.
Another important consideration for lock installation is door handedness, or the direction the door swings when it is opened. Some locks only function with a particular handedness, while others function with both. For instance, installing deadbolt locks on either type of door-handedness is not problematic. The alignment of the door’s hinges determines the door’s handedness; right-aligned hinges indicate a right-handed door, while left-aligned hinges indicate a left-handed door.
In both homes and offices, door locks play a vital role. Because of this, it’s crucial to take the time to conduct thorough research before choosing a door lock for your establishment. It guarantees that you pick the option that best satisfies your needs for privacy, security, and safety.